Energy Aware Multipath Routing Protocol for Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks

Main Article Content

S. M. Kamruzzaman
Xavier Fernando
Mohammad Jaseemuddin


Cognitive radio networks (CRNs) emerged as a paradigm to solve the problem of limited spectrum availability and the spectrum underutilization in wireless networks by opportunistically exploiting portions of the spectrum temporarily vacated by licensed primary users (PUs). Routing in CRNs is a challenging problem due to the PU activities and mobility. On the other hand, energy aware routing is very important in energy-constraint CRNs. In addition, it is crucial that CR users efficiently exchange data with each other before the appearance of PUs. To design a robust routing scheme for mobile CR ad hoc networks (CRANs), the constraints on residual energy of each CR user, reliability, and the protection of PUs must additionally be taken into account. Moreover, multipath routing has great potential for improving the end-to-end performance of ad hoc networks. Considering all these evidences, in this paper, we propose an energy aware on-demand multipath routing (EOMR) protocol for mobile CRANs to ensure the robustness and to improve the throughput. The proposed routing scheme involves energy efficient multipath route selection and spectrum allocation jointly. The simulation results show that our approach improves the overall performance of the network.

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How to Cite
Kamruzzaman, S. M., Fernando, X., & Jaseemuddin, M. (2022). Energy Aware Multipath Routing Protocol for Cognitive Radio Ad Hoc Networks. International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS), 8(3). (Original work published December 3, 2016)
Research Articles
Author Biography

S. M. Kamruzzaman, Umm AL Qura University

Dr. S. M. Kamruzzaman is an Assistant Professor of Advanced Media Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, Umm AL Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia, since September 1, 2015. He was an Assistant Professor of Software Engineering Department in the College of Computer and Information Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from May 2013 to August 2015. He received his Ph.D. degree in Electronics and Information Engineering from Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, South Korea in February 2012. He also received M. Sc. Engineering degree in Computer Science and Engineering from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology in 2005 and B.Sc. Engineering degree in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from DUET, Bangladesh in 1997. Prior to join at King Saud University, he worked as Assistant and Associate Professor in the Department of Information and Communication Engineering, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. He has more than 40 publications in refereed ISI journals and IEEE conferences. Besides, he is serving as reviewer/TPC member in a number of ISI journals/IEEE conferences, respectively. His research interests include communication protocols, ad-hoc networks, and cognitive radio networks. He is a member of different professional societies.