Urban Air Pollution Monitoring Using Wireless Sensor Networks: A Comprehensive Review

Movva Pavani, P.Trinatha Rao

Abstract


Air pollution is evolving as a severe environmental concern due to its enormous impact on the well being of the people, universal environment and also on the global economy. Conventional air pollution systems are not able to provide air pollution data of high spatiotemporal resolution due to non-scalability and limited data availability. With the advances in the areas of Micro Electro Mechanical Sensor (MEMS) and Wireless Sensor Network (WSN), the researchers had implemented various state-of-the-art air pollution monitoring systems with better and efficient results. A comprehensive review of continuous air pollution surveillance of both indoor and outdoor pollution by employing WSN was presented. In the proposed paper attempts to provide the details related to the existing methods for measuring major air pollutants like CO2, CO, O3, SO2, VOC and Particulate Matter (PM). It presents the various methods, algorithms and dedicated network designs in air pollution monitoring which are useful for generating new solutions to improve the performance through WSN. A comprehensive and detailed review of the existing methods of Air Quality Monitoring systems using WSN was done along with their comparisons

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International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS)          ISSN: 2076-0930 (Print)           ISSN: 2073-607X (Online)