Distributed Channel and Power Level Selection in VANET Based on SINR using Game Model

Selo Sulistyo, Sahirul Alam

Abstract


This paper proposes a scheme of channel selection and transmission power adjustment in Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET) using game theoretic approach. The paradigm of VANET enables groups of vehicles to establish a mesh-like communication network. However, the mobility of vehicle, highly dynamic network environment, and the shared-spectrum concept used in VANET pose some challenges such as interference that can decrease the quality of signal. Channel selection and transmit power adjustment are aimed to obtain the higher signal to interference and noise ratio (SINR). In this paper, game theory is implemented to model the channel and power level selection in VANET. Each vehicle represents the player and the combination of channel and power level represents the strategy used by the player to obtain the utility i.e. the SINR. Strategy selection is arranged distributively to each player using Regret Matching Learning (RML) algorithm. Each vehicle evaluates current utility obtained by selecting a strategy to define the probability of that strategy to be selected in the next time. However, RML has a shortcoming for using assumption that hard to be implemented in real VANET environment. Therefore modification of RML devised for this application is also proposed. The simulation model of channel and power level selection is build to evaluate the performance of the proposed scheme. The results of simulation display the improvement of VANET performance in term of SINR and throughput from the proposed scheme.


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International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS)          ISSN: 2076-0930 (Print)           ISSN: 2073-607X (Online)