An optimal clustering algorithm based distance-aware routing protocol for wireless sensor networks

Salim EL KHEDIRI, Rehan Ullah Khan, Waleed Albattah

Abstract


Wireless Sensors Networks (WSN) consist of low power devices that are deployed at different geographical isolated areas to monitor physical event. Sensors are arranged in clusters. Each cluster assigns a specific and vital node which is known as a cluster head (CH). Each CH collects the useful information from its sensor member to be transmitted to a sink or Base Station (BS). Sensor have implemented with limited batteries (1.5V) that cannot have replaced. To resolve this issue and improve network stability, the proposed scheme adjust the transmission range between CHs and their members. The proposed approach is evaluated via simulation experiments and compared with some references existing algorithms. Our protocol seemed improved performance in terms of extended lifetime and achieved more than 35% improvements in terms of energy consumption

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International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS)          ISSN: 2076-0930 (Print)           ISSN: 2073-607X (Online)