A Low Power Architectural Framework for Automated Surveillance System with Low Bit Rate Transmission
Abstract The changed security scenario of the modern time has necessitated increased and sophisticated vigilance of the countries' borders. The technological challenges involved in accomplishing such feat of automated security system are many and require research at the components-and-algorithms as well as the architectural levels. This paper proposes an architectural framework for automated video surveillance comprising a network of sensors and closed circuit television cameras as well as proposing algorithmic/component research of software and hardware for the core functioning of the framework, such as: communication protocols, object detection, data-integration, object identification, object tracking, video compression, threat identification, and alarm generation. In this paper, we are addressing some general topological and routing features that would be adopted in our system. There are two types of data with regard to data communication – video stream and object detection. The network is broken down into several disjoint, almost equal zones. A zone have one or more one cluster. A zone manager is chosen among the cluster heads depending on their relative residual energies. There are several levels of control that could be implemented with this arrangement with localized decision made, to get distributed effect at all levels. A cell tracks each target in its zone. If the target moves out of the range of a cell, the cell manager will send the target description to estimated next cell. The next cell starts tracking the target. If the estimated cell is wrongly chosen, corrections will be made by the cluster heads to get the new target-tracking. We also propose bitrate reduction algorithms to accommodate the limited bandwidth. One of the main feature of this paper is introducing a Low-Power Low-Bit rate video compression algorithm to accommodate the low power requirements at sensor nodes, and the low bit rate requirement for the communication protocol. We proposed two algorithms the ALBR and LPHSME. ALBR is addressing low bit rate required for sensors network with limited bandwidth which achieves a reduction in Average number of bits per Iframe by approximately 60% in case of low motion video sequences and 53% in case of fast motion video sequences . LPHSME addresses low power requirements of multi sensor network that has limited power batteries. The performance of the proposed LPHSME algorithm versus full search and three step search indicates a reduction in motion estimation time by approximately 89% in case of low motion video sequences (e.g., Claire ) and 84% in case of fast motion video sequences. The reduced complexity of LPHSME results in low power requirements.
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Institute of Computing, International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security (IJCNIS) ISSN: 2073-607X (Online)